Brazil is at the peak of the economic advances which is responsible for a drastic improvement in the social area of Brazil. But all said and done, there are numerous problems that still prevail. Before the economic crisis, Brazil’s flaunted a thriving economy, increase in job opportunities and higher income. However, a major chunk of the country’s population is still a victim of social inequality, illiteracy and a lack of infrastructure.
Mentioned below is a list of social problems that feast on the people’s lives:
1.Poverty – When it comes to social inequalities and poverty in Brazil, it is not hundreds, but millions living in poverty. The slums and favelas around the city is a clear indication to the rate of poverty. According to the Gini Coefficient index, the poorest population of the country receives less than 1.2% of the nation’s income. More than half of the population lacks the resources for basic survival.
President Lula put together the ‘Zero Hunger’ program that aims at providing sufficient foods to all Brazilians. Another program known as ‘Bolsa Familia’ has done a remarkable job in reducing the overall income inequality by almost 5%.
2.Education – Even though public education in Brazil is free at all levels, economic to deliver quality education while the poorer parts of the country have to live with lower standards.
Surprisingly, this is not the problem that education faces here. One of the biggest problems is nonattendance. Children from larger families start working at the age of 10 to help their parents. The laws are frequently disregarded to make ends meets.
The lack of education institutions in the locality, poorly maintained buildings, lack of teachers, few learning resources, violence in schools and a high examination failure rates are other factors that have impaired education in Brazil. One in ten children below 18 years cannot read or write.
3.Unemployment – Without a proper education, there is no hope for a decent career. There has been a considerable amount of job openings in recent years due to economic growth, but they are insufficient to accommodate the entire population. Millions of Brazilians are still jobless. The lack of education and professional qualification make it difficult for companies to take on new hands.
A huge chunk of the unemployed population has turned to petty jobs (Informal employment) at construction sites and factories; losing the guarantee of labor.
4.Violence and Crime – This is a perpetual issue the country has to deal with. The vile combination of poverty and unemployment has led thousands of people to a life of crime. The newspaper, television and radio are constantly updating the citizens about the robberies, gang violence, kidnappings and assaults taking place over the country.
The police too are not doing enough to curb this situation. Police brutality and corruption are widespread. The Ministry of Justice established the National Public Security Force to maintain order during emergencies.
5.Health – Overcrowded hospitals, shortage of medicines, occasional strikes and poorly maintained buildings are a few major problems that hospitals in the country face. Even the financially stable population is looking for supplementary health plans and private care systems, as the current medical system is unreliable. Once more, it’s the poor that bears the brunt of this nonsense.
Barriers such as illiteracy, social inequality, disparities between the rich and poor, and lack of basic resources will require greater commitment of governments with more effective public policies and less by politics.